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Turks and Caicos / TCI


The Turks & Caicos are an archipelago of more than 30 islands forming the southeastern end of the Bahamas chain. There are two principal groups, each surrounded by a continuous coral reef. 
Caicos is the larger group and includes Providenciales, Middle (or Grand) Caicos, and the islands of North, South, East and West Caicos, plus numerous small cays, some of which are inhabited. The Turks group, separated by a 35km-wide (22-mile) channel of water, consists of Grand Turk, Salt Cay and a number of small uninhabited cays. The Turks & Caicos Islands are a spectacular destination for those who wish to get away from it all. There are numerous national parks, beautiful white sand beaches, nature preserves, sanctuaries and historical sites. 
None of the Arawak Indians, who occupied the islands when Columbus first discovered them, survived the 16th century. During the 19th century, control of the islands changed hands several times. In 1962, having been a Jamaican dependency for some 75 years, the Turks & Caicos Islands became a separate British Colony – a status that it retains to this day.
As a British colony, the Turks & Caicos has been able to boost its economy through well regulated through offshore financial services.
The British monarch is head of state, represented locally by a governor who is responsible for defence and foreign affairs as well as internal security. The internal government comprises legislative and executive councils. 
The total population is about 45,000, of whom approximately 22,500 live on Providenciales in the Caicos Islands.

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